This guide will show you how to water your mango tree in summer, with tips and tricks for healthy fruits. We will cover the following topics:
- How much water do mango trees need in summer?
- How often should you water your mango tree in summer?
- When is the best time to water your mango tree in summer?
- How do you check the soil moisture level of your mango tree?
- How do you prune your mango tree to reduce water loss?
- How do you water your potted mango tree in summer?
Mangoes are not only delicious but also highly nutritious fruits. Their sweet taste and several health benefits make them one of the best fruits in the world. They are rich in vitamin C, fiber, antioxidants, and minerals. The sweet and juicy taste of mangoes has earned them the “king of fruits” title.
Eating mangoes is easy, but growing them is hard. Mango trees need much care and attention, especially in the summer. How much water you give them can make a difference in how well they grow and how tasty their fruits are.
Watering mango trees in summer can be tricky. You must know how much water to give, how often, and when. Watering too much or too little can cause problems like root rot, fungal infections, fruit drop, or poor fruit quality.
By following this guide, you can provide your mango tree with the optimal amount of water in summer and enjoy the fruits of your labor.
How Much Water Do Mango Trees Need in Summer?
Mango trees need a lot of water in summer, especially when they are flowering and fruiting. The amount of water they need depends on several factors, such as:
- The size and age of the tree
- The type and quality of the soil
- The climate and weather conditions
- The stage of growth and development of the tree
Generally, young mango trees need more water than mature trees because they have less developed root systems and more foliage. Young mango trees need about 15-25 liters of water per week, while mature trees need about 10-15 liters of water per week.
However, these are only approximate values; you should adjust them according to your tree’s specific conditions and location. The best way to determine how much water your mango tree needs is to regularly check the soil moisture level.
How often should you water your mango tree in summer?
The frequency of watering your mango tree in summer depends on the amount of water you give and the soil moisture level. You should water your mango tree only when the soil is dry, not wet or moist.
Watering your mango tree too often can cause root rot, which is a fungal disease that affects the roots and stems of the tree. Root rot can cause wilting, yellowing, and dropping of leaves, eventually killing the tree. Watering your mango tree too seldom can cause water stress, which can affect the growth and quality of the fruits.
Generally, you should water your mango tree once every 2-3 weeks in summer, depending on the weather and the soil type. Sandy soils drain faster than clay soils, so they need more frequent watering. You can use a soil moisture meter or a simple finger test to check the soil moisture level before watering.
When is The Best Time to Water Your Mango Tree in Summer?
When watering your mango tree during the summer, choosing the right time is essential. To avoid losing water to the sun and wind; it’s best to water your tree early in the morning or late in the evening when the temperature is more relaxed. This will allow the water to reach the roots and soak into the soil.
Avoid watering your tree during the middle of the day when the sun is most vital and the temperature is high. This can cause the water to evaporate quickly, leaving the leaves wet and prone to fungal infections. Also best to avoid watering your tree at night with low temperatures and humidity. It can create the perfect conditions for fungal growth and root rot.
How do You Check the Soil Moisture Level of Your Mango Tree?
The soil moisture level of your mango tree is the key indicator of how much water your tree needs. You can use different methods to check the soil moisture level, such as:
- A soil moisture meter: This device measures the electrical conductivity of the soil, which is related to the water content. You can insert the probe into the soil near your tree’s root zone and read the value on the display. A value of 1 means the soil is dry and 10 means the soil is wet. Ideally, you want the value to be between 4 and 6, which indicates moist but not soggy soil.
- A finger test: This is a simple and cheap method you can use anytime. You need to dig a small hole in the soil near your tree’s root zone and insert your finger into it. Your tree needs water if you feel the soil is dry and crumbly. Your tree has enough water if you feel the soil is wet and sticky. If you feel the soil is moist and cool, your tree has the optimal amount of water.
You should check the soil moisture level at least once a week and more often during hot and dry periods. Also, check the soil moisture level at different depths because the water distribution may vary depending on the soil type and the root structure.
How do you prune your mango tree to reduce water loss?
Pruning your mango tree is another way to reduce water loss and improve water efficiency. Pruning your mango tree can help you to:
- Remove dead, diseased, or damaged branches from wastewater and nutrients.
- Shape and control the size and height of your tree, making it easier to water and harvest.
- Increase air circulation and sunlight penetration, reducing the risk of fungal infections.
- Stimulate new growth and fruit production, improving the quality and quantity of your fruits.
Prune your mango tree after harvesting or in late winter or early spring before the new growth starts.
- You should use sharp and clean tools and make clean cuts at an angle, leaving no stubs.
- Also, apply a pruning sealant or a fungicide to the wounds to prevent infections and pests.
It would help if you pruned your mango tree according to its age and stage of development.
- When your mango trees are young, you must cut them to ensure they have a strong and balanced shape and to help them grow more branches.
- When your mango trees are older, you need to keep them in good shape and size and get rid of any bad or useless branches.
How Do You Water Your Potted Mango Tree in Summer?
If you have a potted mango tree, it needs more careful and frequent watering than a planted one. This is because the pot limits the root space and water storage capacity.
It would help to water your potted mango tree whenever the soil’s top 2-3 inches is dry. Ensure that the water drains well from the bottom of the pot.
- Use a pot that is large enough for your tree’s root system and has drainage holes at the bottom.
- Use a potting mix that drains well and is rich in nutrients, and mix in some organic stuff to help it hold water and feed your plants better.
- Avoid using a saucer under the pot; it can collect water and cause root rot.
- Place your potted mango tree in a sunny and sheltered spot where it can receive at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. Ensure it is protected from strong winds and frost.
- Move your potted mango tree indoors or under a shade cloth during extreme heat or cold to prevent water loss or damage.
Watering your mango trees properly during the summer is essential for them to thrive and produce delicious fruit. This guide will help you give your tree the right amount of water at the proper time and frequency to keep it healthy and productive.
You’ll also learn how to avoid common issues like root rot, fungal infections, fruit drop, and poor fruit quality. By following these steps, you’ll be able to enjoy a bountiful harvest of sweet and juicy mangoes.
I am Gaushoul Agam
𝐂𝐨-𝐅𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 & 𝐂𝐄𝐎
I am an experienced Horticulture Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension in Bangladesh. I am committed to improving agriculture and farming.
I created ToAgriculture to address global food safety concerns. These concerns are caused by a growing population, diminishing farmland, and the impact of climate change on agriculture. I assist readers in learning modern farming techniques.
I also help them control pests and diseases. Additionally, I guide managing agriculture sustainably. All of this is aimed at creating a better and more successful future in farming.
I have experience in field crops and horticulture crops. I know about fruit and vegetable farming, managing pests and diseases, irrigation, and grafting. Come with me as I share my knowledge and experiences to help you create a better future.