To grow lots of mangoes, learn about the stages of mango tree flowering and how to make them better.
Mangoes are delicious and nutritious fruits worldwide. They are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, fiber, antioxidants, and minerals. They have a reputation for their sweet and juicy flesh, which people can eat fresh or use in various dishes and desserts.
But did you know that mangoes are not easy to grow? Mango trees need lots of care and attention, especially when they flower and produce fruit. Weather, pests, diseases, and lack of nutrients can harm crop productivity and quality.
In this blog, we’ll discuss mango flowering and fruiting stages and give tips to improve your harvest.
What are The Mango Tree Flowering Stages?
The mango tree goes through different stages, from buds forming to fruits growing, during its flowering process. Several factors affect mango tree flowering, such as mango type, tree age, weather, and water and fertilizer availability.
We can divide the mango tree flowering stages into four main stages.
- Budding phase: During this phase, the tree begins to form flower buds. As these buds mature, they enlarge and adopt a red hue. The duration of this stage can vary for weeks, contingent on the mango type.
- Flowers blossom during the growth stage. The petals typically exhibit white or light yellow colors. This phase generally persists for a handful of days.
- Complete bloom stage: Blossoms cover the tree, and the flowers open fully, but this stage lasts only a day or two.
- Fruit setting stage: This is the stage when the flowers turn into small mangos. The mangos can take several weeks to reach their full growth stage and become ready for harvest¹.
How do you Boost Your Harvest During the Mango Tree Flowering Stages?
To improve your mango tree’s harvest when it flowers, give it the best conditions and take good care of it. Here are some tips and tricks to help you:
Water Your Mango Tree Regularly:
It is essential for the growth and development of your mango tree, especially during the flowering and fruiting stages. Water your mango tree deeply and thoroughly, but avoid overwatering or waterlogging.
The soil should be moist but not soggy. You can use a moisture meter to check the soil moisture level. A general rule of thumb is to water your mango tree once or twice a week, depending on the weather and soil type.
Fertilize Your Mango Tree Properly:
Fertilizer is essential for providing the nutrients that your mango tree needs, especially during the flowering and fruiting stages. Fertilize your mango tree with a balanced fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and micronutrients.
You can use organic or synthetic fertilizer, but follow the instructions on the label. Fertilize your mango tree monthly when it’s growing and every two months when it’s dormant.
Prune Your Mango Tree Regularly:
Pruning helps improve the shape, size, and health of your mango tree, and it also enhances flowering and fruiting. To improve light and airflow, trim your mango tree by removing dead, sick, or harmed branches. Open the top of the tree.
You can also prune your mango tree to control its height and spread and to encourage more branching and flowering. You should trim your mango tree either after picking the fruit or before it starts to bloom. The timing depends on your preference.
Protect Your Mango Tree From Pests and Diseases:
Bugs and illnesses can harm your mango tree, impacting its growth and fruit production. Some common pests and diseases affecting mango trees are mango hoppers, mealybugs, anthracnose, powdery mildew, red rust, and bacterial black spots.
To keep your mango tree safe from pests and diseases, regularly check it and use the right methods to control them. You can choose different methods based on how bad the problem is and what kind of problem it is.
Some of the preventive measures you can take are:
- Keep your mango tree healthy and stress-free by providing adequate water, fertilizer, and pruning.
- Remove and dispose of infected or infested plant parts, fallen leaves, or fruits.
- Maintain good sanitation and hygiene around your mango tree, and avoid creating conditions that favor pest or disease development.
- Use resistant or tolerant varieties of mango, if available.
- Use natural enemies or beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, or parasitic wasps to control or reduce pest populations.
- Use pesticides, fungicides, or bactericides, but read the label and apply them safely and responsibly.
Mango trees are beautiful plants that can produce delicious and nutritious fruits for you and your family. They need a lot of care and attention, especially when they flower and produce fruit. By knowing when mango trees flower and how to make them better, you can get more mangoes when you harvest.
We hope this blog post has been helpful and informative for you. If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below. We would love to hear from you.
(1) The Mango Flowering Process and Fruit Setting – Natural Mangoes, ARNV Farms.
- The Mango Flowering Process and Fruit Setting – Natural Mangoes, ARNV Farms. https://www.naturalmangoes.com/the-mango-flowering-process-and-fruit-setting/
- Mango Tree Growth Stages: From Seed to Maturity – Rockets Garden. https://rocketsgarden.com/8-growth-stages-of-mango/
- Mango Tree Growth Stages — Bustling Nest.
- Blooming and Pollination – The Mango Factory
I am Gaushoul Agam
𝐂𝐨-𝐅𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 & 𝐂𝐄𝐎
I am an experienced Horticulture Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension in Bangladesh. I am committed to improving agriculture and farming.
I created ToAgriculture to address global food safety concerns. These concerns are caused by a growing population, diminishing farmland, and the impact of climate change on agriculture. I assist readers in learning modern farming techniques.
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