Broccoli growing process from scraps in six steps. Green and white photo collage with text overlay 'Step-by-Step Guide.'

How to Grow Broccoli from Scraps: The Ultimate Guide

Did you know you can grow fresh and nutritious broccoli from the parts you usually throw away? Yes, it’s true! All you need is some water, soil, and sunlight. In this article, you will learn how to grow broccoli from scraps in simple steps.

Following this guide, you can enjoy your homegrown broccoli from the stem in no time.


Types of Broccoli for growing from Scraps

You can grow different types of broccoli from scraps, depending on your preference and climate. Here are some common ones:

1. Calabrese broccoli: Easy to grow from the stem with a large green head and thick stems. Grows well in cool temperatures, ready to harvest in 60-90 days.

2. Purple sprouting broccoli: Has medium-sized heads, purple stems, and mild flavor. Thrives in mild climates, ready to harvest in late winter or early spring.

3. White sprouting broccoli: Features white florets and a sweeter taste compared to the purple variety. Popular in Britain, it is harvested in late winter or early spring.

4. Thin-stemmed broccoli: Also known as broccolini or baby broccoli. It has thin, tender stems and small florets with a mild, sweet flavor, ready to harvest in 50-60 days.

5. Branching broccoli: Known as Romanesco or fractal broccoli, it has smaller heads on branching stems, offering a nutty, crunchy texture. Ready to harvest in 75-100 days.


Materials Needed

List all the materials and tools that you will need to grow broccoli from scraps, such as:

Broccoli stemsUse fresh, healthy stems with branches left from your last meal.
Jars or containersPlace stems in a clear container with enough water to foster root growth.
WaterKeep stems hydrated and mold-free by swapping the water every few days.
SoilOpt for well-draining, nutrient-rich soil to replant rooted stems in pots or beds.
Pots or garden bedsTransplant your rooted stems to larger pots or beds, ensuring ample space for growth.
Fertilizer or compostChoose balanced, organic, nutrient-rich Fertilizer or compost for healthy plants.
Scissors or knifeTrim leaves and harvest broccoli neatly to prevent damage or infection.
Neem oil or diatomaceous earth (optional)Safeguard your plants against pests and diseases with natural methods.


How to Choose and Cut the Best Stems for Re-Growing

To start growing fresh broccoli from the stem, begin by choosing those healthy, chemical-free broccoli stems. You can get some organic ones from the store or use your homegrown bunch.

Now, let’s get those stems ready for their regrowth journey. Here’s the lowdown:

  1. Cut off the broccoli head – you can cook or eat it as usual.
  2. Keep around 5 inches of stem with some branches. They support the new growth.
  3. Trim away any bothersome leaves – they rob energy from the fresh growth.
  4. Make a fresh, angled cut at the stem’s bottom. This helps the stem drink up water better. You’re all set! Time to grow your broccoli.

How to Get it Done:

  1. Cut off the head of the broccoli with a sharp knife. You can use the head for cooking or eating as usual.
  2. Leave about 5 inches of stem with some branches attached. The branches will help support the new growth.
  3. Trim off any leaves that are on the stem or branches. The leaves will take away the energy from the new growth.
  4. Make a fresh cut at the bottom of the stem at an angle. This will help the stem absorb water better.
A infographic of step by step process on how to cut best stems.

The process of cutting the best stems


How to Root Your Stems in Water or Soil

Rooting Broccoli in Water

To grow broccoli plants, root the stems in a jar of water. Follow these steps:

  1. Put the stems in water, covering only the bottom.
  2. Keep the jar in a sunny spot.
  3. We suggest you change the water every two days while your stem is in its container for the best results. This prevents harmful bacteria and fungi from harming the stem and keeps enough oxygen in the water for healthy root growth.

    By sticking to this routine, you’ll ensure a consistently clean environment for the stem without bad smells or water discoloration.

  4. Check for root growth regularly.

Rooting in water lets you monitor progress and move the jar. However, the roots may be stronger than those of soil-grown plants.

A broccoli plant and its roots are shown in a jar of water, illustrating how to root a broccoli plant in water.

Rotting in water.

Rooting Broccoli in Soil

If you want to grow broccoli plants in soil, there are some steps you should follow for a successful start. Here’s what you need to do:

1. Plant the broccoli stems directly in a pot filled with well-draining soil.
2. Mix the soil with organic matter, such as compost or manure, to enrich it.

1. Make sure the soil is moist but not overly saturated.
2. Avoid disturbing the stems while they are in the rooting process.

1. Keep the pot in a warm and bright location to encourage root growth.

Soil rooting has the advantage of better root adaptation and no need for water changes. However, it lacks visibility into root development, unlike water rooting.

A guide on how to root broccoli in soil using scraps with white text that reads “ROOTING BROCCOLI IN SOIL.

Rooting in the Soil

How to Choose the Perfect Method

Deciding how to regrow broccoli from scraps depends on your preferences, available resources, and space.

To achieve fast growth and abundant stems, opt for water rooting. But soil rooting could be better if you’re tight on space or want an easier way.

Whatever you pick, you can grow your broccoli successfully and enjoy fresh produce from your garden.


How to Transplant and Care for Your Broccoli Plants

When to Safely Transplant Broccoli Stems

To know when it’s time to transplant your stem into the soil, keep an eye on the roots. Healthy roots are typically white or pale green and around an inch long. They might not make it through the transplant process if they look brown, black, or mushy.

Gently lift the stem out of the water to examine the roots, careful not to harm them. You can also watch for signs of new growth on the stem, like small leaves or buds. When you see these signs, it’s clear that your stems are ready to find a new home in the soil.

How to Transplant

To move your plants:

  1. Use a larger pot or garden bed with well-drained soil.
  2. Dig a hole for each stem, spacing them 18 inches apart.
  3. Now, gently place the stem in the hole just above the soil’s surface. After that, fill the hole with some soil, press it down gently but firmly, and water your newly transplanted plants thoroughly.
The infographic shows the different parts of the broccoli plant, such as the roots, stem, leaves, and florets.


How to Care

Apply Balance Fertilizer

To care for your broccoli plants, you should fertilize them once a week with a balanced fertilizer or compost tea. You should also water them regularly, keeping the soil moist but not wet. Please Follow the Instruction table.

1Compost Tea1 gallonBlend 125-130 grams of compost with 3.5-4 liters of water, then soak for 18-24 hours. Once a week, water your broccoli with this compost tea.
2Balanced Liquid Fertilizer1/4 cupMix 60 grams of 10-10-10 liquid fertilizer with 3.5-4 liters of water. Apply this mixture to the soil around your broccoli plant once a week.
3Compost Tea1 gallonRepeat the same process as week 1.
4Balanced Liquid Fertilizer1/4 cupRepeat the same process as week 2.
5Compost Tea1 gallonRepeat the same process as week 1.
6Balanced Liquid Fertilizer1/4 cupRepeat the same process as in week 2.

This schedule will keep your broccoli plants well-fed and thriving.

Organic Solutions for Pests and Diseases

Broccoli plants need water during hot weather, but not too much, or they may develop root rot or fungal diseases. Protect your plants from pests and diseases like aphids, caterpillars, powdery mildew, etc.

Use natural or organic methods like Neem oil, diatomaceous earth, insecticidal soap, etc. Check the table for solutions.

AphidsNeem oilMix 15 ml neem oil with 3.5 liters of water. Apply it to the entire plant, including underneath the leaves. Repeat every 7-10 days until aphids are gone.
CaterpillarsBT (Bacillus thuringiensis)Same of Aphids.
Cabbage wormsDiatomaceous earthApply diatomaceous earth to the plant, including the underside of leaves, every 7-10 days until cabbage worms disappear.
Powdery mildewInsecticidal soapMix 30g insecticidal soap in 3.5L water. Apply to all plant surfaces, including the undersides of leaves. Reapply every 7-10 days until powdery mildew is gone.

Identifying Healthy and Unhealthy Broccoli Plants

For healthy plants, remove yellow or damaged leaves. It boosts air circulation and prevents diseases. Check our table to spot healthy and unhealthy broccoli plants.

CharacteristicsHealthy Broccoli PlantsUnhealthy Broccoli Plants
Leaf ColorDeep green and vibrantYellow or brown leaves
GrowthCompact and bushyLeggy, thin stems with sparse foliage
Leaf ConditionUniform and unwiltedWilted or drooping leaves
Pest DamageNo visible pests or damageHoles, chewed leaves, or pests
DiseasesNo signs of diseasesPowdery mildew, clubroot, or black rot


Two broccoli plants are placed side by side, one showing healthy growth and the other appearing unhealthy.


Tips for Success: The Best Principal Practices

Now, I will discuss the best practices and advice that will help you grow healthy and tasty broccoli from scraps.

Optimal Time and Location for Planting Broccoli Outdoors

Choosing the best time and location for planting your broccoli is essential. But how to? Just keep in your mind the following three easy tips.

  • Broccoli thrives in cool weather and needs full sun and well-draining soil. The optimal temperature range falls between 50°F and 70°F.
  • The best spot to plant it outdoors is in a sunny area with good, slightly acidic soil (pH 6.0 to 7.0). You can make the soil better by adding compost or manure before planting.
  • When you plant broccoli outside, it depends on your climate and the broccoli type you pick. Generally, you can plant it in spring or fall.
  • If you live in a warm climate, you can plant your broccoli in the fall or winter.
  • If you live in a cold climate, you can plant your broccoli in the spring or summer.

Avoid Common Mistakes

Avoid common mistakes like overwatering, planting too close together, and harvesting too late to ensure optimal growth.

    • It’s important to avoid overwatering your plants as it can lead to root rot and other fungal infections.
    • Overcrowding can reduce air circulation and sunlight.
    • Harvesting too late can result in bitter and tough broccoli.
    • Avoid planting broccoli near recent crops of cabbage, cauliflower, or kale due to shared pests and diseases.

To prevent problems, water your broccoli when the soil is dry. Additionally, make sure to keep the plants 12 inches apart. Lastly, pick the broccoli when the heads are firm and green.

Use Mulch To Keep in Soil Moisture

Trim any side shoots or flowers stealing the main head’s growth for top-notch broccoli.

Lay down mulch like straw or leaves to maintain the proper soil temperature and keep pesky weeds at bay. It keeps nutrients in and the moisture just right.

A person grows broccoli from a Scrap in a garden, and he applies mulch with organic materials.

Mulch on broccoli.

Try To eat it Fresh or Cooking

Enjoy the benefits of growing your own broccoli by eating it fresh or cooking it in various ways.

Broccoli is rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber. It can boost your immune system, lower your cholesterol, prevent cancer, and improve your digestion.  Enjoy it fresh or cooked in various ways, like salads, soups, and casseroles.

A collage of six images with a text overlay that promotes the nutritional benefits and culinary versatility of broccoli.

Benefits and Culinary


How to Harvest, Store, and Use Your Broccoli

When To Harvest Broccoli

Knowing when to harvest your broccoli is essential. Here’s what you need to know:

Timing: After transplanting broccoli stems, it typically takes 2-3 months for the tasty florets to develop.

Signs of readiness: The florets are ready when they are firm green, not yellow, and have not turned into flowers yet.

Harvesting technique: To harvest the broccoli, use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the florets from the plant. Leave about six inches of stem attached to the floret.

Follow these simple guidelines to get the best taste and freshness from your broccoli.

The green color of the broccoli grows from Scraps and the large green leaves surrounding it.

Sings of Ready to Harvest

How To Store Broccoli

You can store broccoli in the refrigerator or freezer for later use. To store broccoli in the fridge, follow these steps: Wrap it in a wet paper towel. Put it in a plastic bag. Keep it in the fridge.

To freeze broccoli, first boil it for a short time. Then, transfer it to cold water and drain it. Finally, pack it into freezer bags or containers. Frozen broccoli can last for up to a year.

Using Broccoli Leaves and Stems

Don’t throw away your broccoli leaves and stems. They’re good to eat, good for you, and taste like kale or collard greens.

Cook them by frying, steaming, or roasting. Use them in soups, stir-fries, salads, or other dishes. Add more nutrition and variety to your meals.

"Quick Guide to Health & Cooking": broccoli, green beans, asparagus, bell peppers, onions, corn, and soup.


People Also Ask (FAQs)

1. How long does it take to grow broccoli from scraps?

The time it takes to grow and harvest broccoli depends on the variety, temperature, light conditions, and plant care. Typically, it takes four to five months from rooting to harvesting.

2. How many times can you re-grow broccoli from the stem?

You can usually regrow it once or twice. It all depends on how many stems you leave when you pick your florets. The more stems you leave, the more opportunities you have to regrow them. Just remember, with each regrowth, the quality and quantity of your florets might be better.

3. What other vegetables can you re-grow from scraps?

You’ll be delighted to know that there are many options! You can easily regrow vegetables such as lettuce, celery, green onions, garlic, ginger, and even potatoes. To do this, use the methods in this article for rooting and moving plants. You’ll soon be on your way to a thriving garden!


In this article, I explain how to grow broccoli from scraps in a simple and efficient way using my professional knowledge.

You learned how to grow plants from stems, transplant them, and take care of them. You also learned how to harvest, store, and use broccoli.

Grow your own organic broccoli in your garden to save money, reduce waste, and have fun with gardening.


I am Gaushoul Agam

𝐂𝐨-𝐅𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 & 𝐂𝐄𝐎

I am an experienced Horticulture Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension in Bangladesh. I am committed to improving agriculture and farming.

I created ToAgriculture to address global food safety concerns. These concerns are caused by a growing population, diminishing farmland, and the impact of climate change on agriculture. I assist readers in learning modern farming techniques.

I also help them control pests and diseases. Additionally, I guide managing agriculture sustainably. All of this is aimed at creating a better and more successful future in farming.

I have experience in field crops and horticulture crops. I know about fruit and vegetable farming, managing pests and diseases, irrigation, and grafting. Come with me as I share my knowledge and experiences to help you create a better future.

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