wheat blast disease

Wheat Blast Disease: How To Control And Management?

Wheat blast disease was first seen in Brazil in 1985 and later spread to Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina in South America.  At various times about 3 million hectares of wheat land are affected by blasts and the yield is reduced at a significant rate.  Variations in disease severity and output are observed depending on the wheat variety and sowing time.  Due to this disease, the yield of affected wheat is reduced by 25 to 30 %, and the crops of some fields are almost entirely destroyed.

What Are Causes of Wheat Blast Disease?

Wheat blast is a harmful fungal disease.  The scientific name of the fungus is Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum (Pyricularia oryzae).  Transmission of this disease can occur if there is relatively warm and humid weather at the time of wheat seed emergence and flowering.  

You Can Read: Tomato Diseases: How To Identify and Control?

What Are The Symptoms of The Disease?

Symptoms of Wheat Blast Disease

Symptoms of Blast Disease

  • In the early stages of wheat fields affected by blasts, the grain turns white in some places, and in favorable weather, it spreads quickly throughout the field.
  • Some grains of wheat have a whitish surface that is easily distinguishable from the green and healthy portion below;  Almost the entire part of some seeds dries up and turns white.  This is a typical symptom of the disease.
  • Mainly wheat grain is attacked by the fungus. Black spots appear on the affected area of ​​the seed and the upper part of the affected area turns white. However, if the base of the seed is attacked, the entire seed dries up and turns white.
  • Infected pods are malnourished and shriveled and the pods turn gray.  The leaves can also be attacked by blast disease and in this case, small gray necrotic spots like eyes appear on the leaves.
Blast disease in the wheat field.

Wheat Blast Disease

How Does it Spread?

The disease spreads through infected seeds and wind. Infection occurs when wheat grains remain wet for 12 to 24 hours due to rain, with the temperature being 18°C or higher.

The disease germs spread rapidly through the air. The pathogen of blast disease can survive in some grasses, such as alternative host weeds.

However, the clear symptoms of the disease are not easily visible. Under favorable conditions, alternate host weeds can cause epidemics of blast disease.

How To Control And Manage Wheat Blast Disease?

  • Go and get wheat seeds from the fields that didn’t get Attacked by the blasts.
  • Cultivate relatively less sensitive varieties.
  • Sow the seeds at the right time to avoid rain and high temperatures during germination.
  • Before sowing, seeds should be treated with Provax 200 FF at the rate of 3 g per kg of seed or Vitaflo 200 FF at the rate of 3 ml. Seed treatment will also suppress other seed-borne diseases of wheat and increase yield.
  • You should keep wheat fields and land boundaries free from weeds.
  • As a preventive measure, a fungicide should be sprayed once at the time of emergence and again after 12 to 15 days. 6 grams of Nativo 75WG Novita 75 WG in 10 liters of water should be sprayed well for every 5 % of the land. Spraying will control wheat leaf blight, seed black spots, and rust.
  • When using fungicides, wear gloves and face masks to avoid contact and inhalation of chemicals.

I am Gaushoul Agam

𝐂𝐨-𝐅𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 & 𝐂𝐄𝐎

I am an experienced Horticulture Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension in Bangladesh. I am committed to improving agriculture and farming.

I created ToAgriculture to address global food safety concerns. These concerns are caused by a growing population, diminishing farmland, and the impact of climate change on agriculture. I assist readers in learning modern farming techniques.

I also help them control pests and diseases. Additionally, I guide managing agriculture sustainably. All of this is aimed at creating a better and more successful future in farming.

I have experience in field crops and horticulture crops. I know about fruit and vegetable farming, managing pests and diseases, irrigation, and grafting. Come with me as I share my knowledge and experiences to help you create a better future.

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